Top 10 Courses In Medicine- South Africa

Interested in studying medicine at the university? There are lots of courses in medicine you are to study at the university.

Though medicine and surgery is always the first thing that comes to mind whenever we hear the word ” medical school or college.”

There are lots of other courses you can study in medical school, and they are as lucrative as medicine and surgery as well.

In this guide, we will look at the 10 medical courses to study in medical school.

These courses are alternatives to medicine and surgery and are as lucrative.

Below are our top 10 courses in medicine


Dentistry is a branch of medicine that focuses on the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity or let say the teeth.

courses in medicine

The oral mucosa and related structures and tissues of the mandible and maxillae facial area (muscles of the upper and lower jaw).

The dentistry scope of the study is similar to that of medicine and surgery.

Graduate of dentistry is often called doctors of the teeth. However, dentistry is not about the teeth alone.

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The vascular, muscular, nervous, and anatomical structures in the face and neck are covered under the scope of dentistry as well.

A graduate of dentistry is called a dentist. As a dentist, there are career opportunities for you in private practices, dental hospitals, or institutions such as the military.

Medical laboratory science

Medical laboratory science popularly known as MLS is a medical course that focuses on the analysis of chemical, microscopic, bacteriological, and hematological diagnosis.

These analyses are mostly carried out through test of human body fluids such as urine, blood, saliva, and synovial ( tissue) fluid.

Also, stool, pericardial fluids are some of the body fluids through which this analysis is carried out.

Read also: List Of Courses In DUT | DUT Bridging Courses 2019

Furthermore, a graduate of medical laboratory science is called a medical lab technologist or clinical laboratory scientist.

Career opportunities exist for a medical laboratory science graduate in hospital laboratories, biotechnology laboratories, and non – clinical, industrial laboratories, or you can become self-employed and set up your laboratory.

Medicine and surgery

Medicine and surgery are concerned with the structure of the human body, function, metabolic activities of the human body.

These facilitate their ability to diagnose and treat any malfunction through drugs and surgical procedure when necessary.

A graduate of medicine and surgery are referred to as “jack of all trade” in the medical field because they have the basic knowledge of all other therapeutic areas.

A graduate of medicine and surgery is referred to as a doctor or if the person specializes in surgery is then called to as a surgeon.

Career opportunities for a doctor include:

  • Private practices
  • Working in both private and government hospitals.
  • Working in institutions such as the military, navy, and the rest.


Optometry is a branch of medicine that deals the eyes and related structures.

This also includes vision, visual systems, and visual information mechanism in humans.

A graduate of optometry is referred to as an optometrist.

Optometrists are trained to diagnose eye problems, prescribe, and fit lenses to improve vision as well as treat other eye problems that are not related to a vision like glaucoma.


Physiotherapy is sometimes called physical therapy ( PT). It is one of the “sister” courses in medical school.

You can also call it, allied health or medical course. It entails the use of biomechanics and kinesiology ( mechanical force), manual therapy as well as exercise therapy to repair impairments that can result in loss of mobility and body functions.

Their work is to treat accident victims, sportsmen, and women or those who have suffered various injuries that has to lead to loss of body functions.
A graduate of physiotherapy is referred to a physiotherapist.


This is another basic medical course. It can also be called oncology.

This branch of medicine deals with the treatment of cancer.

They focus on the diagnostic image of anatomic structures ( physical structures) through the use of electromagnetic radiation.

A graduate of radiography or oncology has career opportunities in hospitals — both private and government-owned as well as private practices.


Here is a medical course that deal with the study of the anatomical structure through images generated from electromagnetic waves such as X-rays, CAT scans as well as magnetic resonance imaging ( MRI)) scans and ultrasounds.

They investigate abnormalities in the anatomy of the body.

These abnormalities can be things like broken bones or damage to tissues or even the safety of the fetus in the uterus of their mother.

A graduate who specializes in radiology is called a radiologist. The career opportunities are the same as that of radiography.

Veterinary Medicine

Do you love animals? If you answer yes to this, then this course is for you.

Veterinary medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis, treatment as well as prevention of diseases in non- humans.

That is animals. They are doctors to animals. The course outline for this course covers all animal species, both domestic and wild ones.

Bothering on issues that affect their health.

A graduate who specializes in veterinary medicine is called a veterinary doctor or only a vet.

Human Anatomy

This is a medical course that is concerned with the study of the structure of the human body.

Anatomy scope of sturdy covers things like embalming and notification of the human body after death to preserve it.

Career opportunities exist as a lecturer in the university or working in the morgue of hospitals.


Here is one of the most prominent medical courses out there.

It involves the science of treating and prevention of sickness for families, individuals, and communities so they can be in optimal health.

Nurses practice in several specialties, and they have several levels of authority when it comes to their ability to prescribe drugs for treatment.

A graduate of nursing is called a nurse.

Career opportunities for nursing are the same as that of medicine and surgery.

There you have it guys — the top 10 courses in medicine.
Provided you cannot afford a degree in medicine, there are some diploma courses in medicine. We are going to look at next.

Diploma courses in medicine

  • Diploma in Radiology.
  • Diploma in Rural healthcare
  • Diploma in Dialysis
  • Diploma in Medical Lab Technology
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in X-Rayy Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Nursing Assistant
  • Diploma in the sanitary inspector.

There you are, guys. The medical profession is one of the most sought after profession in the world.

We have provided the top 10 courses in medicine for you in this guide.

We wish you all the best as you pursue your dream of being a member of the medical family.


  1. Regina said:

    I would like to do a bridging course in medicine and surgery how do i apply for a bridging course for 2020

    Oct 12, 2019
    • Studyright said:

      There’s no bridging course for medcine and surgery I presume. You can check DUT official site for more info

      Oct 14, 2019
  2. Zibuyile S.Manukuza said:

    Good day I want to do a bridging course in Optometry or Chiropractic

    Jan 27, 2020
  3. Sithabile mohlakoana said:

    I want to do diploma in rural healthcare how do I apply…how many points are required

    Mar 16, 2020
  4. Nhlakanipho said:

    Bridging Course in Drama and Production

    Jun 9, 2020
  5. Lwazi said:

    Currently Doing Diploma in Agricultural Crop Production wanting to be accredited for Health Sciences.

    Jun 9, 2020

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